What is spinal fusion?
Spinal fusion is an orthopedic surgical technique that joins two or more vertebrae. This procedure can be performed at any level in the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar) and prevents any movement between the fused vertebrae. There are many types of spinal fusion and each technique involves using bone grafting – either from the patient (autograft), donor (allograft), artificial bone substitutes, or a combination of graft – to help the bones heal together. Dr Cyr prefers autograft and allograft bone as he believes they provide higher potential for healing. The graft can be augmented with stem cells or growth factors to boost healing potential. Additional hardware: screws connected by rods, plates and screws are typically used to hold the bones in place while the graft fuses two or more vertebrae together.